It seems like only yesterday when buyers looking for an electric car were faced with a severely limited selection. Options like the Nissan Leaf were available, but offered limited range and questions over the longevity of the battery — not to mention an inadequate charging infrastructure — leaving buyers with more questions and concerns than answers.
But this is now no longer the case, as an ever-growing number of car makers begin their shift from internal combustion to electric — and of course there is Tesla, which has been mass-producing EVs (electric vehicles) since the Model S arrived back in 2012.
This article outlines 10 of the best electric cars on sale today. These are all fully-electric, meaning they are not hybrids, and they do not feature an internal combustion engine acting as a generator, as the BMW i3 once did.
We should also not that this is not definitive ranking from one to 10, but is instead a selection of what we believe to be the best EVs on sale in June 2019, presented in no particular order.
Tesla Model S
The Model S is Tesla's first mass-production electric car, yet perhaps remains the best all-around option of any EV currently on sale. It certainly isn't cheap, with a starting price of $75,000 before federal tax credits and other extras of two child seats in the rear trunk.
As with all other Teslas, the Model S gets to use Tesla's Supercharger network, which is constantly growing across the U.S., Europe and elsewhere, enabling fast, and cheap battery charging.
For those with a need for speed, the Model S Performance with Ludicrous Mode ($116,000 all in) hits 60 mph in a supercar-beating 2.4 seconds and has a top speed of 164 mph, while returning 345 miles of range, when driven more sedately.
All Teslas also offer Autopilot (now a standard fit on newly built cars), the driver assistance system which can operate the steering, accelerator and brakes — and even make lane changes on its own, under the correct circumstances. All Teslas also benefit from regular over-the-air software updates to improve their systems and add new features.
Kia Niro EV
The Niro EV has a range of 239 milesKia
No doubt a thorn in the side of Tesla (and its Model 3 in particular), the Kia Niro EV has just gone on sale in the U.S. and has an EPA range of 239 miles. The car starts at $39,495 before extras, lining it up nearly against the Tesla Model 3, which starts at $39,900 before extras and has a range of 240 miles.
Note: $39,900 is the price of the Model 3 Standard Range Plus. The Model 3 Standard Range, starts at $35,000 and has a 220-mile range, but misses out on several features and is not available on Tesla's website, as it can only be bought over the phone or in stores.
The Niro EV is a high-riding crossover, with decent storage and space for rear-seat passengers. It also offers more conventional looks compared to some other electric cars — partly because it shares its platform with a hybrid version of the Niro and the electric Hyundai Kona.
The Niro has already sold out for the year in the UK, so supply could well be limited in the U.S. and other markets. The same is also true of the Hyundai Kona, so if you are interested in either of these you will need to order quickly to avoid a lengthy wait.
We applaud Kia for resisting the urge to try and reinvent the wheel here. We also like the Kia's high stance giving it the ability to try a little off-roading. We're not talking rock crawls here, but if you need to tackle a gravel track to a campsite, or navigate a field to the festival parking lot, you'll be fine.
The Kia will also appeal to drivers who don't like the touch screens used by Tesla, as the Niro mostly offers up conventional buttons and knobs, which in our experience are easier to use and less distracting.
Tesla Model 3
Perhaps the hottest EV of the moment, the Model 3 endured a difficult birth but is slowly start to live up to expectations. It can't claim to be the only 'EV of the people' anymore, as it seemed at launch way back in 2016, but it still presents a strong alternative to legacy brands like Kia, Hyundai and Chevrolet.
As we explained above, the Model 3 starts at $35,000, but really you want to look at the $39,900 Standard Range Plus, with its 240-mile range, 140 mph top speed and 0-60 mph time of 5.3 seconds. There is seating for four (five is a bit of a squeeze, like in all other sedans), and Autopilot is now standard, along with power adjustable front seats, a tinted glass roof, and four USB charging ports.
The large central touchscreen takes a little getting used to, and we wish Tesla would put the wiper controls on a stalk like everyone else, instead of on the touch screen, but there's no denying it is an attractive and feature-filled system.
Hyundai Kona Electric
The Hyundai Kona shares the same platform as the Kia Niro EVHyundai
A close relative to the Kia Niro EV, the Hyundai Kona Electric is a mid-size family crossover with an impressive EPA range of 258 miles. Priced from $36,450 for the larger 64 kWh battery option (there's also a 39 kWh model), the Kona Electric is good value for money and keenly-priced against the Tesla Model 3.
The Hyundai's acceleration cannot match that of any Tesla (as little as 2.4 seconds in the Model S with the Ludicrous Mode upgrade) but posts a 0-62 mph (100 km/h) time of 7.6 seconds, which is perfectly adequate for a sensible family car.
Hyundai also lacks access to Tesla's Supercharger network (which is for the exclusive use of Tesla drivers) but can still fully recharge in 75 minute using a rapid public charger.
Deliveries for Porsche's first electric car, the Taycan, are due to begin in late-2020, but if you are interested in one you should be speaking to your local dealership now, as there is likely to be a waiting list once production begins.
With four doors and seating for four adults, the Taycan fits somewhere between Porsche's 911 sports car and its Panamera luxury sedan, with the latter already available as an electric hybrid, and the same technology coming to the 911 from around 2022.
The Taycan has all-wheel-drive and two electric motors producing over 600 horsepower — good enough for a 0-60 mph time of around 3.0 seconds.
Porsche has developed a new 800-volt system for the Taycan (and its future electric cars) which is said to offer faster charging than what Tesla can currently manage with its Supercharger network. The company claims this will mean up to a 60-mile range for every four minutes of charging.
Recently face-lifted for 2019, the Bolt offers an EPA range of up to 238 miles per charge and is priced from $36,620 before extras. A family crossover similar in design to the Hyundai and Kia, the Chevrolet features Apple CarPlay and Android Auto on its 10.2-inch touch screen dashboard display, plus in-car 4G and a Wi-Fi network is an optional extra, and you can check the charge level of the battery via the myChevrolet smartphone app.
Safety features include automatic low-speed emergency braking with pedestrian detection, a rear vision camera, and lane-keep assistance, which provides alerts and gentle steering inputs to keep you from drifting out of your lane. This isn't quite the same as Tesla's Autopilot system, but provides a similar level of safety assistance.
The first luxury electric car to come from a legacy auto company, the Jaguar I-Pace arrived in 2018 and has an EPA-rated range of 234 miles. The I-Pace isn't as big as the Tesla Model X, but at $69,500 before extras, it is priced $10,000 less than the entry-level Model X, while offering similar performance.
The Jaguar misses out on access to Tesla's exclusive Supercharger network, but is capable of refilling its battery from almost empty to 80 percent in 45 minutes when plugged into a 100 kW DC charger.
Jaguar stole a march on its rivals with the I-Pace, getting its first electric car to market well ahead of the Audi e-tron SUV, Mercedes EQC and BMW iX3; in fact, it was the first luxury electric car to go on sale after Tesla.
Tesla Model X
Built on the same chassis as the Model S, and using the same battery pack and motors, the Model X is taller, with a roomier cabin, upwards-opening 'falcon wing' rear doors, and seating for seven adults.
Although not an SUV in the same way a Land Rover is, the Model X is Tesla's largest vehicle, and has a range of between 250 and 325 miles, depending on your budget. The higher of those figures gives the Model X the second-longest range of any electric car currently on sale, with the Model S going further with the same drivetrain due to being smaller and lighter.
Audi e-tron SUV
This SUV is the first from Audi's new e-tron range of all-electric vehicles. The luxury car can be seen as a battery-powered equivalent of the company's Q5 and Q7 off-roaders, and is priced from $74,800 before extras.
For this, buyers get a car which feels more luxurious and feature-packed than anything offered by Tesla, and we expect to see the Audi fight closely against the Jaguar I-Pace and upcoming Mercedes EQC, as well as the BMW iX3 due in 2020.
All that said, the Audi is let down a little by its EPA-rated range of 204 miles, some 20 percent behind the entry-level Tesla Model X and 30 miles short of the Jaguar. The car, however, is a strong start for Audi and its parent, the Volkswagen Group, which will offer 70 fully electric vehicles by 2028 from its Volkswagen brand, not including Audi, Porsche and others.
A unique feature of the e-tron is how Audi offers a pair of cameras and displays instead of wing mirrors. This helps to reduce aerodynamic drag, thus increasing range. But despite being available in Europe, is still pending regulatory approval in the U.S.
Even without this option, the e-tron's interior includes three digital displays — one behind the steering wheel and two touch screens for interacting with the car's climate and infotainment systems.
The i3 has been with us for a while now, but received a minor facelift and power boost in 2018 in the form of the new i3s. The i3 starts at $44,450 before extras and offers an EPA range of 153 miles; this is a fair bit behind most other cars featured in this article, but is a huge improvement on the 81 mile range the i3 launched with back in 2013.
Intended more as a city car than a long-distance cruiser, the i3 embraces its electric underpinnings by sporting a futuristic aesthetic. It may not be to everyone's taste, but its carbon-reinforced chassis and backwards-opened rear doors certainly make the BMW stand out among 'regular' looking EVs like the Kia Niro and Hyundai Kona.
The Nissan Leaf first launched back in 2010, which in electric car terms is an entire generation ago. Thankfully, with the latest model - and the rang-topping e+ version in particular — Nissan has done enough to stay in the game. This car has a range of up to 226 miles, a respectful 0-62 mph time of 7.1 seconds, and is priced at $36,550.
Like most electric cars, the Nissan Leaf can be driven while rarely touching the brake pedal. Nissan highlights this as a feature and calls it 'one-pedal driving,' but in truth this is just how the regenerative braking systems of EVs works. When you lift off the accelerator, the motor turns into a generator, feeding energy back into the battery; this processor slows the car, in the same way engine braking does in internal combustion vehicles, but to greater effect.
When plugged into the fastest public charger, Nissan safe the Leaf e+ can refill its battery from 20 percent to 80 percent in around 60 minutes, somewhat slower than a Tesla using a Supercharger, or a car using the under-construction Electrify America network.
Automobili Pininfarina Battista
Finally, billed as a guilt-free hypercar, the electric Battista is the first car to come from legendary Italian design house Pininfarina. It boasts 1,900 horsepower from two electric motors, all-wheel-drive, a 0-60 mph time of under two seconds, and a range of almost 280 miles, if driven sensibly, of course.
Production is due to begin in 2020 but just 150 examples will be made, with 50 destined for the U.S., 50 for Europe, and 50 for the rest of the world. If the car's styling looks familiar, then that'll be the influence from Pininfarina's past experience as a designer house — the company is responsible for drawing much of Ferrari's back catalogue.
Apart from being an EV moonshot, the Battista goes to show just how varied the electric car market already is; you can spend around $35,000 on a sensible family car, or $2 million on one of the quickest cars ever made, yet the underlying technology of both is closely related.
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